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SOFTWARE PORTABILITY WITH IMAKE, 2nd Edition

by: Paul DuBois

On-line Price: $27.95 (includes GST)

Paperback package 410

50%Off Retail Price

You save: $28.00

CLEARANCE Item - Special discount -limited stock
_____________________
N.Sydney : In Stock

Retail Price: $55.95

Publisher: O'REILLY,09.10.06

Category: UNIX PROGRAMMING Level: B/I/A

ISBN: 1565922263
ISBN13: 9781565922266

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This handbook is ideal for X and UNIX programmers who want their software to be portable. The second edition covers version X11R6.1 of the X Window System, using imake for non-UNIX systems such as Windows NT, and some of the quirks about using imake under OpenWindows/Solaris.


  imake is a utility that works with make to enable code to be compiled and installed on different UNIX machines. imake makes possible the wide portability of the X Window System code and is widely considered an X tool, but it's also useful for any software project that needs to be ported to many UNIX systems. imake also runs under Windows NT.


  This handbook is ideal for X and UNIX programmers who want their software to be portable. The book is divided into two sections. The first section is a general explanation of imake, X configuration files, and how to write and debug an Imakefile. The second section describes how to write configuration files and presents a configuration file architecture that allows development of coexisting sets of configuration files. Several sample sets of configuration files are described and are available free over the Net.


  New in the second edition:


  Updated to cover the version X11R6.1 of the X Window System

Discusses using imake for non-UNIX systems such as Windows NT

Covers some of the quirks about using imake under OpenWindows/Solaris


  

Table of Contents

Preface

Chapter 1. Introduction


    The Nature of Nonportability


    The Nature of Configurability


    How Does imake Work?


    What Can imake Do for You?


    Slaying the Beast


    The Essential imake Toolkit

Chapter 2. A Tour of imake


    The Exercises


    What Have You Learned?


    Common Problems

Chapter 3. Understanding Configuration Files


    Basic Principles


    Use Machine-Independent Description Files


    Organizing imake Input


    Parameterizing Variation


    Selecting Parameters by\ System Type


    Assigning Values Conditionally


    Allowing for Local Convention


    Final Architecture

Chapter 4. Writing Comments


    Types of Comments


    Comment Problems


    Obsolete Commenting Conventions

Chapter 5. The X11 Configuration Files


    The X11 Template


    Default Configuration Information


    Machine-Specific Configuration Information


    What To Build


    Miscellaneous Topics

Chapter 6. Writing Imakefiles


    General Strategy


    Building One Program


    Specifying Libraries


    Multiple Programs


    Organizing File Lists


    Building Libraries


    Building Other Types of Targets


    Installing Files


    Managing Multiple-Directory Projects


    Other Useful make Variables


    Questions

Chapter 7. Imakefile Troubleshooting


    Diagnosing Errors


    Disaster Recovery


    Whitespace Errors


    Misspelled Rules and Macros


    Incorrect Library Dependency Specifications


    Continuation Line Problems


    Incorrect Value Assignments


    Errors of Omission

Chapter 8. A Closer Look at Makefile Generation


    What imake Needs To Know


    Running imake from a Makefile


    Makefile Generation in X11

Chapter 9. A Configuration Starter Project


    Creating the Starter Project


    Testing the Starter Project


    Using the Starter Project


    An X11R5 Starter Project

Chapter 10. Coordinating Sets of Configuration Files


    Designing a General-Purpose Bootstrapper


    Implementing imboot


    Cooperating with imboot


    Extending imboot's Reach


    Using imboot in Makefiles

Chapter 11. Introduction to Configuration File Writing


    Setting Up


    Deleting Information


    Retaining Information


    Adding Information

Chapter 12. Writing Rule Macros


    Rule Syntax


    Building the Basic Rule


    Making the Rule Work Harder


    Refining the Scope of a Target


    Documenting Rules


    Building Libraries


    Installation Rules

Chapter 13. Configuration Problems and Solutions


    Describing Project Layout


    Specifying Library Names


    Handling Newly Discovered Nonportabilities


    Conditionals in Imakefiles


    Configuring Source Files


    Using make Suffix Rules


    Shell Programming in Rules


    Writing a World Target

Chapter 14. Troubleshooting Configuration Files


    Rule Syntax Errors


    Malformed Conditionals


    Missing Default Values


    Incorrect Version Number Tests


    Missing Template


    Nonportable cpp or make Constructs


    Errors of Omission

Chapter 15. Designing Extensible Configuration Files


    Reusing Configuration Files


    Are the X11 Configuration Files Reusable?


    Methods of Reusing Configuration Files


    Implementing Extensible Configuration Files


    Does This Architecture Really Work?

Chapter 16. Creating Extensible Configuration Files


    Preliminaries


    Setting Up


    Modifying the Architecture


    Making the Files Self-Aware


    Generalizing File Contents


    Installing the Files

Chapter 17. Using Extensible Configuration Files


    Starting Your Project


    Override and Extension Principles


    Project Layout


    Installation Directories


    Project-Specific Rules


    Libraries


    System Characteristics


    The Site-Specific File


    Experimenting with Configuration Files


    Distributing Software Configured with Extensible Files


    Creating a New Set of Extensible Files

Chapter 18. Using imake on Non-UNIX Systems


    Primary Tools


    Secondary Tools


    Imakefiles


    Configuration Files


    Epilogue

Appendix A. Obtaining Configuration Software

Appendix B. Installing Configuration Software

Appendix C. Configuration Programs: A Quick Reference

Appendix D. Generating Makefiles: A Quick Reference

Appendix E. Writing Imakefiles: A Quick Reference

Appendix F. Writing Configuration Files: A Quick Reference

Appendix G. Basics of make and cpp

Appendix H. A Little History

Appendix I. Other Sources of Information

Appendix J. Using imake with OpenWindows

Index