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SAP R/3 System Administration

by: Liane Will and Sigrid Hagemann

On-line Price: $49.95 (includes GST)

Hardcover package 400

60%Off Retail Price

You save: $75.00

CLEARANCE Item - Special discount -limited stock
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N.Sydney : In Stock

Retail Price: $124.95

Publisher: SAP Press,Jun-2003

Category: SAP Level: I/A

ISBN: 1592290140
ISBN13: 9781592290147

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This book is an essential foundation for IT managers, technical consultants, and R/3 System administrators. With first-hand knowledge gathered from SAP Global Support specialists working on the implementation of over 20,000 R/3 Systems, this book teaches you how to perform your daily system administration tasks with optimal efficiency. This book also helps to prepare you to qualify as a Certified Technical Consultant (CTC) for R/3 Release 4.6 and Enterprise.


      

Table of Contents

Foreword to the SAP Expert Knowledge Book Series 7


  Acknowledgments 9


  Table of Contents 11


  Introduction 19


  How This Book Is Organized 19


  Chapter 1


  Technical Implementation of Client/Server Architecture in R/3 23

Client/Server Architecture in R/3 23

Distributed Presentation 24

Three-tier Architecture 25

Presentation 26

The Application Layer 26

Instance 26

The Database Layer 26

Network Technology 27

Internet Transaction Server 28

The Presentation Layer 28

SAPGUI 29

SAPLOGON 29

SAP Session Manager 29

Client 30

Default Clients 30

Default Users 31

Menu Bar 33

Button Bar 33

Transaction Code 35

Status Bar 35

Multilingual Capability 35

Component Manager 37

The Application Layer 38

Message Server 39

Dispatcher and Work Processes 39

Dialog Service 40

Background Service 40

Update Service 40

Spool Service 41

Enqueue Service 41

R/3 Transaction 41

Gateway Service 42

The Database Layer 44

Native SQL and Open SQL 44

Table Types 45

Example:Clusters 47

Availability 48

Network 49

The Operating System 51

Directory Structure 51

Users 53

UNIX 53

Questions 54


      Chapter 2


  First Steps57

Starting the Database and R/3 Instances 57

Windows NT 57

UNIX 58

Instances 59

Using Logs 59

Instance Profiles 62

Stopping the Database and R/3 Instances 63

Starting the Front End 64

Performing General Administration Tasks 65

Checking the Status 65

Monitoring the System 66

Checking the System Log 71

Sending System Messages 71

Using Lists 72

Using Table Maintenance Tools 72

Questions 73


  Chapter 3


  The Online Service System 75

Security Issues 75

The SAProuter Connection 75

SAProuter and Saprouttab 77

Establishing a Connection 78

Online Service System Functions 79

Messages 81

Service Connections 82

Notes 84

Questions 85


  Chapter 4


  Installation Concepts 87

Preparing for Installation 87

Sizing 87

Hardware Requirements 87

Checklist 88

Software Requirements 88

RAID 90

R3Setup 90

UNIX 90

Architecture of the Installation Tool 91

Installation Procedures 92

SAP Naming Conventions 94

After Installation 99

SAP License Key 99

Installation Check 99

Backing Up 100

Performing a Language Import 100

Questions 101


  Chapter 5


  Setting Up a System Landscape 103

Tasks of a System Landscape 103

Two-System Landscapes 104

Three-SystemLandscapes 104

Multi-System Landscapes 105

Technical Implementation 106

Initialization 106

Transport Domain and Transport Domain Controller (TDC)106

Virtual Systems 110

External Systems 110

Transport Group 112

The Transport Control Program tp 112

Transport Paths 114

Editors 115

System Change Options 121

Changing SAP-Specific Objects 122

RFC Connections 122

Questions 126


  Chapter 6


  Software Logistics 127

Implementation Guide 127

Tasks and Change Requests 129

Customizing Requests 129

Transportable Change Requests 129

Local Change Request 130

Request Number 130

Customizing Organizer and Workbench Organizer 130

Using the WBO 136

Logs 144

Transport Organizer 148

Importing Transport Requests 148

Sequence of the Import Queue 150

Manual Use of the Transport Control Program tp 151

Questions 152


  Chapter 7


  Client Administration 153

Client Basics 153

Understanding Clients 153

Technical Implementation 154

Standard Clients 154

Standard Users 154

Creating a Client 154

Client Role 155

Change Options 156

Scope of the Changes 156

Local Copy 159

Data Profiles 159

Using Remote Copy 164

Client Transport 166

Special Functions 170

Tips 171

Questions 171


  Chapter 8


  R/3 Users and Authorizations 173

User Master Records 173

Superusers 174

User Addresses 174

User Group 177

Authorizations 177

Authorizations and Authorization Objects 178

Authorization Profiles 180

Important Profiles in System Administration 184

The Profile Generator 185

Generating the Enterprise Menu 186

Copying the SAP Defaults to Customer Tables 188

Defining Activity Groups 190

Additional Functionality 199

Personal Settings 201

Internet Users 202

Questions 203


  Chapter 9


  Background Processing 205

Background Dialog Concepts 205

Background Scheduler 205

Event Scheduler 206

System Events 206

User Events 206

Triggering Events 206

sapevt 206

Defining Jobs 207

General Information 208

Start Time 209

Processing Steps 210

Analyzing Jobs 213

Analysis Functions 215

Authorizations 216

Maintenance Jobs 216

Questions 218


  Chapter 10


  Update Service 219

Update Concepts 219

V1 and V2 Updates 219

Configuration of the Update 220

Monitoring the Update Service 220

Checking the Update Status 221

Analyzing the Cause of a Termination 222

Updating Specific Records 223

Analyzing Errors 224

Questions 225


  Chapter 11


  Output Configuration and Administration 227

Output Basics 227

Dedicated Spool Servers 228

Processing Sequence 230

Configuring the Landscape of Output Devices 230

Logical Servers 231

Classification 233

Configuring Output Devices 233

Access Methods 234

Output Management Systems 236

Administration Procedure 237

Defining the Spool Servers 238

Defining the External OMS 239

Analyzing and Resolving Errors 242

Using Authorizations 244

Device Authorizations 244

Display Authorizations 245

Action Authorizations 245

Questions 245


  Chapter 12


  Data Archiving 247

What Is Archiving?247

Reasons for Archiving 247

Archiving Requirements 247

Archive Development Kit 247

Hierarchical Storage Management 249

Customizing 250

Which Data?250

How Much Data?250

Where?252

Controlling and Analysis 255

Questions 257


  Chapter 13


  Data Distribution and Transfer 259

Application Link Enabling 259

Technical Basics 259

ALE Configuration 262

First Steps 263

Basic Settings 263

Maintaining the Distribution Model 265

Data-Specific Settings 266

Communication 267

Distributing Model Settings 270

Monitoring and Analysis 271

Data Transfer with Batch Input 275

Batch Input Sessions 275

Questions 279


  Chapter 14


  Maintaining Instances 281

Maintaining Profiles 281

Importing Profiles 281

Copying Profiles 284

Maintaining Profiles 285

Maintaining an Instance Profile 287

Checking Up on Parameters 289

Operation Modes 290

Creating an Operation Mode 290

Registering Instances 291

Setting Operation Modes in the Timetable 295

The Control Panel 297

Logon Groups 298

Defining a Logon Group 299

Assigning an IP Address to the Application Server 300

Questions 301


  Chapter 15


  System Monitoring 303

The Alert Monitor 303

Monitor Terminology 304

Customizing 306

Handling the Alert Monitors 312

Server and Process Overview 312

Server Overview 313

Process Overview 313

User Overview 315

Global Process Overview 316

System Log 316

Optimizing Performance 317

Performance Analysis Basics 318

Getting Started with Analysis 318

Database Administration 320

Weekly Planning 320

Monitoring Database Fill Level and Objects 322

Lock Entries 323

Runtime Errors 325

Developer Traces 325

SAP System Trace 326

SQL Trace 326

An Overview of Regular Tasks 327

Questions 329


  A Transaction Codes 331


  B Profile Parameters 339


  C Glossary 345


  D Bibliography 351


  Menu Structures 353


  F Questions and Answers 357


  Index 371