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SAP NetWeaver Business Warehouse: Administration and Monitoring

by: Olaf Klostermann and Milco Österholm

On-line Price: $71.95 (includes GST)

Hardcover package 600

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Retail Price: $109.95

Publisher: SAP Press,15.01.10

Category: SAP Level:

ISBN: 1592293301
ISBN13: 9781592293308

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This book offers a complete understanding of all administration tasks that arise in a live SAP NetWeaver BW system and provides guidance on ways to solve any problems that might occur. Coverage includes all topics relevant to administration and monitoring of SAP NetWeaver BW, including basic principles, tasks, analysis, and troubleshooting.

Basic Principles
Understand the basic principles and technology components necessary for administering and monitoring SAP NetWeaver BW.

Platform
Learn about SAP NetWeaver AS ABAP and SAP NetWeaver AS Java, which have long proven themselves as high-performance platforms for ABAP-based and J2EE-based applications and represent a complete infrastructure for SAP NetWeaver BW.

Database Management
Explore the fundamentals of SAP NetWeaver BW database management, with a special emphasis on indices, which are of high significance both for data loading processes and for reporting.

System Connections and Access
Master a basic knowledge of the technologies around system connections, including IDocs, which ensure the required quality for administration and monitoring of loading processes.

Monitoring and Analysis Tools
Benefit from an overview of the monitoring and analysis tools that are most important for a BW administrator.

Highlights


  * Indices


  * DB Storage Parameters for BW Objects


  * Buffering of InfoObject Tables


  * Web Services, SOAP, etc.


  * DataStore Object


  * InfoCubes


  * Authorizations in SAP NetWeaver BW


  * Role Maintenance in Transaction PFCG


  * Nearline Storage (NLS)


  * Java Support Packages

About the Author(s)

Olaf Klostermann is a computer scientist and formerly a consultant with SAP. Milco Österholm is Solution Architect at Sony Ericsson responsible for their overall BW administration.

Table of Contents


  * ... Preface ... 19


  * PART I ... Basic Principles ... 23


  * 1 ... SAP Implementation Concept ... 25


  * 1.1 ... IT Practices and Scenarios ... 25


  * 1.1.1 ... Enterprise Data Warehousing ... 27


  * 1.1.2 ... Enterprise Reporting, Query, and Analysis ... 28


  * 1.1.3 ... Business Planning and Analytical Services ... 28


  * 1.2 ... Usage Types ... 30


  * 2 ... Overview of AS ABAP and AS Java ... 31


  * 2.1 ... SAP NetWeaver Application Server ABAP ... 31


  * 2.2 ... SAP NetWeaver Application Server Java ... 33


  * 2.3 ... Cooperation of Both Platforms ... 34


  * 2.4 ... SAP NetWeaver Portal ... 37


  * 2.4.1 ... Portal Platform ... 37


  * 2.4.2 ... SAP NetWeaver BW Software Components ... 39


  * 2.5 ... Basis Parameters ... 41


  * 2.5.1 ... Determining Parameters ... 42


  * 2.5.2 ... Recommendations ... 44


  * 2.5.3 ... Recommendations for BI Java ... 47


  * 2.5.4 ... Recommendations for Parameters in the Source System ... 48


  * 2.6 ... RSADMIN Parameters ... 50


  * 2.6.1 ... Parameters ... 51


  * 2.6.2 ... Obsolete Parameters ... 65


  * 2.7 ... Lock Management ... 67


  * 2.8 ... Number Range Buffer ... 70


  * 2.8.1 ... Number Ranges in an SAP NetWeaver BW System ... 71


  * 2.8.2 ... Analysis and Repair ... 73


  * 3 ... Database Management ... 75


  * 3.1 ... Indexes ... 75


  * 3.1.1 ... Primary Index and Secondary Index ... 76


  * 3.1.2 ... Clustered Index ... 76


  * 3.1.3 ... Main Index Types ... 77


  * 3.1.4 ... Indexes for InfoCubes ... 80


  * 3.1.5 ... Indexes for Master Data ... 83


  * 3.1.6 ... Indexes for DataStore Objects ... 84


  * 3.1.7 ... Index Management in an SAP NetWeaver BW System ... 85


  * 3.1.8 ... Temporarily Deleting Indexes ... 88


  * 3.1.9 ... DB Statistics ... 89


  * 3.2 ... Database Memory Parameters for BW Objects ... 90


  * 3.3 ... Buffering InfoObject Tables ... 92


  * 3.4 ... DBA Cockpit ... 93


  * 3.4.1 ... Database Monitoring and Administration ... 94


  * 3.4.2 ... New Functions ... 94


  * 3.4.3 ... Restrictions ... 95


  * 3.4.4 ... Postprocessing ... 95


  * 3.5 ... Provider-Specific Information ... 96


  * 3.5.1 ... Database Management Systems DB2, DB4, and DB6 ... 96


  * 3.5.2 ... IBM DB2 RUNSTATS ... 96


  * 3.5.3 ... RSADMIN Parameter for IBM DB2 ... 97


  * 3.5.4 ... Statistics in Microsoft SQL Server ... 99


  * 3.6 ... Backup and Recovery Strategies ... 100


  * 4 ... System Connections and Access ... 103


  * 4.1 ... SAP NetWeaver BW Source Systems ... 103


  * 4.1.1 ... Creating Source Systems ... 104


  * 4.1.2 ... Logical System Name ... 106


  * 4.1.3 ... Maintaining Source System IDs ... 107


  * 4.2 ... IDoc, ALE, RFC, and Similar Technology ... 107


  * 4.2.1 ... RFC and tRFC ... 107


  * 4.2.2 ... IDoc Interface ... 108


  * 4.2.3 ... Application Link Enabling ... 111


  * 4.2.4 ... IDoc Communication During Data Extraction ... 112


  * 4.3 ... Web Services, SOAP, and Similar Technology ... 116


  * 4.3.1 ... SOA Manager ... 116


  * 4.3.2 ... Data Transfer Using Web Services ... 117


  * 4.4 ... BAPI, MDX, and Similar Technology ... 118


  * 4.4.1 ... MDX ... 119


  * 4.4.2 ... OLE DB for OLAP ... 120


  * 4.4.3 ... OLAP BAPI ... 120


  * 4.4.4 ... XML for Analysis ... 121


  * 5 ... Monitoring and Analysis Tools ... 123


  * 5.1 ... General Tools (SAP Basis) ... 125


  * 5.1.1 ... SAP Central Process Scheduling ... 125


  * 5.1.2 ... Runtime Analysis (Transaction SE30) ... 125


  * 5.1.3 ... Application Log (Transaction SLG1) ... 128


  * 5.1.4 ... System Log (Transaction SM21) ... 132


  * 5.1.5 ... Job Overview (Transaction SM37) ... 135


  * 5.1.6 ... Process Overview (Transaction SM50) ... 137


  * 5.1.7 ... System Trace (Transaction ST01) ... 139


  * 5.1.8 ... Tune Summary (Transaction ST02) ... 142


  * 5.1.9 ... Workload Monitor (Transaction ST03N) ... 146


  * 5.1.10 ... Database Performance Analysis (Transaction ST04) ... 147


  * 5.1.11 ... Performance Analysis (Transaction ST05) ... 149


  * 5.1.12 ... OS Monitor (Transaction ST06N) ... 150


  * 5.1.13 ... Application Monitor (Transaction ST07) ... 150


  * 5.1.14 ... ABAP Runtime Error (Transaction ST22) ... 151


  * 5.2 ... Special SAP NetWeaver BW System Tools ... 154


  * 5.2.1 ... BI Monitor (Transaction BWCCMS) ... 154


  * 5.2.2 ... BI Background Management (Transaction RSBATCH) ... 155


  * 5.2.3 ... Displaying SAP NetWeaver BW Jobs (Transaction RSM37) ... 159


  * 5.2.4 ... Monitoring Process Chains (Transaction RSPCM) ... 160


  * 5.2.5 ... Extraction Monitor (Transaction RSMO) ... 161


  * 5.2.6 ... Query Monitor (Transaction RSRT) ... 163


  * 5.2.7 ... Trace Tool (Transaction RSRTRACE) ... 165


  * 5.2.8 ... Analyzing BW Objects (Transaction RSRV) ... 166


  * 5.2.9 ... RS Trace Tool (Transaction RSTT) ... 183


  * 5.2.10 ... Reporting Function Modules (Transaction RSZT) ... 184


  * 6 ... Basic Principles of Processes and Objects ... 185


  * 6.1 ... DataStore Object ... 185


  * 6.2 ... InfoCubes ... 188


  * 6.2.1 ... Real-Time InfoCubes ... 188


  * 6.2.2 ... Further Processing of InfoCube Data ... 188


  * 6.3 ... Aggregates ... 189


  * 6.4 ... SAP NetWeaver BW Accelerator ... 190


  * 6.4.1 ... How to Achieve High Performance ... 191


  * 6.4.2 ... SAP NetWeaver BW Accelerator Architecture ... 192


  * 6.5 ... Open Hub Destinations and InfoSpokes ... 194


  * 6.5.1 ... Extraction Mode and Delta Administration ... 194


  * 6.5.2 ... Open Hub Monitor ... 196


  * 6.6 ... Reporting ... 196


  * 6.6.1 ... OLAP Server ... 196


  * 6.6.2 ... Internet Communication Framework ... 199


  * 6.6.3 ... Documents ... 202


  * 6.6.4 ... Internet Graphics Service ... 203


  * PART II ... SAP NetWeaver BW Administration ... 205


  * 7 ... User Administration and Authorization Management ... 207


  * 7.1 ... Basic Principles ... 207


  * 7.1.1 ... AS ABAP Authorization Concept ... 207


  * 7.1.2 ... User Administration ... 208


  * 7.1.3 ... Central User Administration ... 209


  * 7.1.4 ... User Information System ... 210


  * 7.1.5 ... Identity Management ... 214


  * 7.1.6 ... SAP GRC ... 215


  * 7.1.7 ... AS Java Authorization Concept ... 216


  * 7.2 ... Basic Principles of Authorizations in the SAP NetWeaver BW System ... 219


  * 7.3 ... Role Maintenance in Transaction PFCG ... 220


  * 7.4 ... Analysis Authorizations ... 226


  * 7.4.1 ... New Concept with SAP NetWeaver 7.0 ... 227


  * 7.4.2 ... Authorization Dimensions ... 228


  * 7.4.3 ... Management of Analysis Authorizations ... 230


  * 7.4.4 ... Example of Creating Analysis Authorizations ... 232


  * 7.4.5 ... Defining Authorizations ... 234


  * 7.4.6 ... Troubleshooting ... 243


  * 7.4.7 ... Migration ... 247


  * 8 ... Archiving and Data Maintenance ... 249


  * 8.1 ... Archiving Concepts ... 249


  * 8.2 ... Data Archiving Process ... 252


  * 8.3 ... Archive Development Kit ... 255


  * 8.3.1 ... Tasks ... 256


  * 8.3.2 ... Archiving Data and Monitoring Activities ... 259


  * 8.3.3 ... Accessing Archived Data ... 262


  * 8.3.4 ... Other Archiving Functions ... 264


  * 8.3.5 ... Special Characteristics of Write-Optimized DataStore Object ... 265


  * 8.4 ... Nearline Storage ... 266


  * 8.4.1 ... Basic Principles ... 266


  * 8.4.2 ... Creating a Nearline Storage Connection ... 268


  * 8.4.3 ... Changes to Archived InfoProviders ... 269


  * 8.5 ... Archiving Request Management Data ... 270


  * 8.6 ... Archiving PSA Data ... 272


  * 8.7 ... Scheduling Archiving Using Process Chains ... 273


  * 8.8 ... Decision-Making Support for Archiving Concept ... 275


  * 8.9 ... Partitioning and Clustering ... 276


  * 8.9.1 ... Partitioning ... 277


  * 8.9.2 ... Repartitioning ... 281


  * 8.9.3 ... Clustering ... 285


  * 8.9.4 ... Reclustering ... 287


  * 8.10 ... Master Data Cleansing ... 288


  * 8.10.1 ... Deleting Individual Master Data Records ... 289


  * 8.10.2 ... Deleting All Master Data and Texts ... 289


  * 9 ... Maintenance ... 291


  * 9.1 ... Support Package Stacks, Support Packages, and Patches ... 292


  * 9.2 ... ABAP Support Packages ... 294


  * 9.2.1 ... Functions ... 294


  * 9.2.2 ... Adjusting Modifications ... 296


  * 9.3 ... Java Support Packages ... 300


  * 9.4 ... Transport System ... 303


  * 9.4.1 ... Transport Landscape ... 304


  * 9.4.2 ... Change and Transport System ... 306


  * 9.4.3 ... Transporting Roles ... 308


  * 9.4.4 ... Special Feature When Transporting BW Objects ... 309


  * 9.4.5 ... SAP Solution Manager ... 320


  * 9.4.6 ... Organization ... 324


  * 9.5 ... Maintenance Optimizer ... 326


  * 9.6 ... SAP NetWeaver BW Accelerator Revisions ... 329


  * 9.7 ... System Copies ... 329


  * 9.7.1 ... Deleting Source System Assignments in the Target SAP NetWeaver BW System after Copying ... 330


  * 9.7.2 ... Renaming the Target SAP NetWeaver BW System and Conversion of Logical System Names ... 331


  * 9.7.3 ... Executing SAP NetWeaver BW-Specific Adjustments ... 332


  * 10 ... Technical Content and BI Administration Cockpit ... 333


  * 10.1 ... Updating Statistics Data ... 334


  * 10.2 ... Installing the Technical Content ... 335


  * 10.2.1 ... Scheduling Process Chains ... 336


  * 10.2.2 ... Activating the Direct Access for Virtual Providers ... 337


  * 10.2.3 ... BI Administration Business Package ... 338


  * 10.2.4 ... Optional Definition of Importance ... 338


  * 10.3 ... Runtimes of Queries ... 340


  * 10.3.1 ... Technical Content for Query Runtime Statistics ... 340


  * 10.3.2 ... Query Execution ... 341


  * 10.3.3 ... Details of Statistics Information ... 343


  * 10.4 ... Data Load Status ... 345


  * 10.5 ... Data Load Statistics ... 348


  * 10.6 ... Evaluation of CPH Data ... 354


  * 10.7 ... Workload Monitor (Transaction ST03) ... 356


  * 10.8 ... Loading and Deleting Statistics Data ... 357


  * 10.9 ... Enhancements ... 358


  * 10.9.1 ... Example: BI Administration Cockpit with SAP NetWeaver BW 7.0 Objects ... 358


  * 10.9.2 ... Example: Proactive Alerts ... 359


  * 11 ... Process Chains ... 361


  * 11.1 ... Processes Relevant for the Operation ... 362


  * 11.1.1 ... Interrupt Process ... 363


  * 11.1.2 ... Start Process ... 363


  * 11.1.3 ... AND (Last), OR (Every), and EXOR (First) ... 364


  * 11.1.4 ... ABAP Program ... 365


  * 11.1.5 ... Operating System Command ... 366


  * 11.1.6 ... Local Process Chain and Remote Process Chain ... 366


  * 11.1.7 ... Deciding Between Multiple Alternatives ... 367


  * 11.2 ... Administration of Process Chains ... 368


  * 11.2.1 ... User for Execution ... 368


  * 11.2.2 ... Starting Terminated Processes ... 368


  * 11.2.3 ... Process Status Valuation ... 369


  * 11.2.4 ... Executing Process Chains Synchronously ... 370


  * 11.2.5 ... Alerting ... 370


  * 11.2.6 ... Batch Process Requirements ... 371


  * 11.2.7 ... Monitoring Process Chains ... 372


  * 11.3 ... Jobs in Process Chains ... 375


  * 12 ... Administration of SAP NetWeaver BW Processes in Detail ... 377


  * 12.1 ... Extraction and Load Processes ... 377


  * 12.1.1 ... Delta Queue ... 378


  * 12.1.2 ... Number of Packages and Request Size ... 382


  * 12.1.3 ... Common Loading Processes ... 383


  * 12.1.4 ... InfoPackage in Process Chains ... 385


  * 12.1.5 ... Number of Dialog Processes ... 385


  * 12.1.6 ... Defining the Server or Host and User ... 388


  * 12.1.7 ... Direct Loading of Master Data ... 391


  * 12.1.8 ... Extractor Checker ... 392


  * 12.1.9 ... IDoc Errors ... 395


  * 12.1.10 ... Real-Time Data Acquisition ... 396


  * 12.1.11 ... Replication of DataSources ... 399


  * 12.2 ... Change Run ... 404


  * 12.2.1 ... Detailed Flow ... 405


  * 12.2.2 ... Important Notes ... 409


  * 12.3 ... Administration of InfoCubes ... 412


  * 12.3.1 ... InfoCube Content ... 412


  * 12.3.2 ... Selective Deletion ... 415


  * 12.3.3 ... Requests in InfoCubes ... 415


  * 12.3.4 ... Automatic Further Processing ... 418


  * 12.3.5 ... Rebuilding InfoCubes ... 419


  * 12.4 ... Performance Settings for InfoCubes ... 420


  * 12.4.1 ... Indexes ... 421


  * 12.4.2 ... Database Statistics ... 421


  * 12.5 ... Compressing InfoCubes ... 422


  * 12.5.1 ... Compression After a Change Run ... 424


  * 12.5.2 ... Compressing All Aggregates ... 425


  * 12.5.3 ... Noncumulative InfoCubes ... 425


  * 12.6 ... Further Processing of Data in a DSO ... 426


  * 12.6.1 ... Activating Data ... 426


  * 12.6.2 ... Analysis of Unexpected Data ... 427


  * 12.6.3 ... Troubleshooting ... 430


  * 12.6.4 ... Simulating and Debugging a DTP Request ... 432


  * 12.7 ... Deleting Data from a DSO ... 433


  * 12.7.1 ... Delete by Request ... 434


  * 12.7.2 ... Selective Deletion ... 435


  * 12.7.3 ... Deleting from the Change Log ... 437


  * 12.7.4 ... Deleting Already Updated Data ... 437


  * 12.8 ... Monitoring Analysis Processes ... 438


  * 12.8.1 ... Exceeding the Maximum Allowed Runtime ... 438


  * 12.8.2 ... Memory Overflow During Executions and Simulations ... 439


  * 12.8.3 ... Using Queries ... 441


  * 13 ... Reporting Monitoring and Administration ... 443


  * 13.1 ... Administration of the BEx Analyzer ... 443


  * 13.1.1 ... SAP NetWeaver Check Workstation Wizard ... 443


  * 13.1.2 ... SAP BEx Installation Check ... 444


  * 13.1.3 ... Statistics Workbook ... 445


  * 13.1.4 ... BEx Analyzer Trace ... 447


  * 13.2 ... Query Administration ... 448


  * 13.2.1 ... Processing Queries ... 448


  * 13.2.2 ... Query Read Mode ... 449


  * 13.2.3 ... Cache Mode ... 450


  * 13.2.4 ... Delta Caching ... 453


  * 13.2.5 ... Caching for Virtual Characteristics and Key Figures ... 454


  * 13.2.6 ... Backup Versions ... 455


  * 13.3 ... Internet Communication Frameworks Administration ... 455


  * 13.3.1 ... ICF Services ... 456


  * 13.3.2 ... Internet Communication Manager ... 457


  * 13.4 ... OLAP Caching ... 460


  * 13.5 ... Aggregates ... 465


  * 13.5.1 ... Displaying Aggregates and Their Components ... 468


  * 13.5.2 ... Further Processing Functions for Aggregates ... 471


  * 13.5.3 ... Activating Aggregates and Providing Them with Data ... 472


  * 13.5.4 ... Checking Aggregates ... 476


  * 13.6 ... SAP NetWeaver BW Accelerator ... 482


  * 13.6.1 ... Connection to SAP NetWeaver BW Accelerator ... 483


  * 13.6.2 ... Which InfoCubes Should Be Indexed ... 485


  * 13.6.3 ... SAP NetWeaver BW Accelerator Index Maintenance Wizard ... 487


  * 13.6.4 ... Effects of Data Changes ... 490


  * 13.6.5 ... SAP NetWeaver BW Accelerator Delta Indexes ... 492


  * 13.6.6 ... Information about Existing Indexes ... 493


  * 13.6.7 ... Analysis and Repair of Indexes ... 495


  * 13.6.8 ... Analysis of SAP NetWeaver BW Accelerator Data ... 502


  * 13.6.9 ... Tracing of SAP NetWeaver BW Accelerator ... 504


  * 13.7 ... Information Broadcasting ... 506


  * 13.7.1 ... Sending Email ... 507


  * 13.7.2 ... Reorganization ... 508


  * 13.8 ... Results in Reporting ... 509


  * 13.8.1 ... Size Restrictions for Result Sets ... 510


  * 13.8.2 ... Analysis of Report Results ... 511


  * 13.8.3 ... Query Execution in Safe Mode ... 512


  * 13.8.4 ... Different Data in ABAP and Java ... 513


  * 13.8.5 ... Incorrect Data When Using Aggregates ... 514


  * 13.9 ... Integrating SAP NetWeaver BW Contents into SAP NetWeaver Portal ... 515


  * 13.10 ... Analysis and Monitoring in the Portal ... 517


  * 13.10.1 ... Availability Checks ... 517


  * 13.10.2 ... Monitoring of Log Files ... 518


  * 13.10.3 ... Usage of the Portal Cache (BW iViews) ... 519


  * 13.11 ... Communication Problems with BEx Web Java ... 520


  * 13.11.1 ... Usage of RFC ... 521


  * 13.11.2 ... Usage of HTTP(S) ... 524


  * 13.12 ... Performance of Web Applications ... 525


  * 13.12.1 ... Runtime Measurements in BI Java ... 525


  * 13.12.2 ... Guidelines for Performance Improvements ... 525


  * PART III ... Management and Support ... 529


  * 14 ... SAP Support ... 531


  * 14.1 ... Tools for the Support ... 531


  * 14.2 ... SAP Solution Manager ... 533


  * 14.3 ... SAP Active Global Support ... 534


  * 14.3.1 ... SAP Enterprise Support ... 535


  * 14.3.2 ... Run SAP ... 536


  * 14.3.3 ... SAP MaxAttention ... 537


  * 14.4 ... SAP Service Marketplace ... 538


  * 14.5 ... Service Connections ... 541


  * 14.5.1 ... Basic Setup ... 541


  * 14.5.2 ... BW RFC and BW GUI Service Types ... 545


  * 14.5.3 ... HTTPconnect Service Type ... 545


  * 14.5.4 ... Connection to SAP NetWeaver BW Accelerator ... 546


  * 14.6 ... Customer Messages ... 547


  * 14.6.1 ... Procedure for SAP NetWeaver BW-Specific Messages ... 548


  * 14.6.2 ... Priority ... 551


  * 14.6.3 ... Secure Area for Access Data ... 551


  * 14.6.4 ... Faster Processing ... 553


  * 14.6.5 ... Message Escalation ... 554


  * 14.7 ... Additional Functions in the SAP Service Marketplace ... 555


  * 14.7.1 ... SAP Notes Search ... 555


  * 14.7.2 ... SAP Software Change Registration ... 557


  * 14.7.3 ... Namespaces ... 557


  * 14.7.4 ... Product Availability Matrix ... 559


  * 14.8 ... BI Diagnostics & Support Desktop Tool ... 559


  * 14.9 ... SAP EarlyWatch Alert and other Solutions ... 561


  * 14.9.1 ... SAP EarlyWatch Alert in SAP Solution Manager ... 563


  * 14.9.2 ... SAP EarlyWatch Alert Processed at SAP ... 563


  * 14.9.3 ... Additional Services ... 564


  * 15 ... Organizing SAP NetWeaver BW Administration Teams ... 565


  * 15.1 ... Teams and Responsibilities ... 565


  * 15.2 ... Best Practices (ITIL) ... 566


  * 15.2.1 ... Service Desk ... 567


  * 15.2.2 ... Technical Management ... 568


  * 15.2.3 ... Application Management ... 568


  * 15.2.4 ... Operations Management ... 569


  * 15.3 ... Operating Documentation ... 569


  * 15.4 ... Regular Tasks ... 571


  * ... Appendices ... 575


  * A ... Transactions, Reports, and Function Modules ... 575


  * B ... Glossary ... 581


  * C ... Bibliography ... 589


  * D ... The Authors ... 591


  * ... Index ... 593