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Product Cost Controlling with SAP (2nd Edition)

by: John Jordan

On-line Price: $82.00 (includes GST)

Paperback package 637

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Retail Price: $110.00

Publisher: SAP Press,31.01.12

Category: SAP Level:

ISBN: 1592293999
ISBN13: 9781592293995

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. Learn how product costing works and integrates with other modules
. Master integrated planning, product cost planning, manufacturing methods, reporting, and more
. Reduce long run times during month-end processing and streamline controlling processes

Run your business more transparently and effectively: use this updated reference and configuration guide to learn about product cost planning, cost object controlling, and integrated planning. Easy-to-understand process overviews and configuration setup requirements will help you customize product cost controlling to your business needs. Find answers to your questions about the material ledger, transfer pricing, and reporting, learn how to address common problem areas, and much more. This is the one resource you need to learn how Product Cost Controlling works in SAP ERP Financials.

Breadth and Depth
This book both explains the business concepts of product costing and teaches you how to master and benefit from Product Cost Controlling with SAP.

A Lesson in Configuration
Learn to let Product Cost Controlling shine by integrating it smoothly into your business and configuring it based on your specific business requirements.

Examples Abound
This book features practical examples and case studies that will help you reinforce your understanding of the topics addressed.

Coverage of Special Topics
New content addresses special topics that will arise in your work, such as subcontracting, activity-based costing, sales order controlling, and mixed-cost estimates.

Updated and Expanded
This second edition expands coverage of integrated planning and master data, among other topics, and adds sections on information system, settlement, and more.
Highlights

. Master data
. Configuration settings
. Material ledger configuration
. Integration details
. Make-to-stock and make-to-order
. Lot size
. Repetitive manufacturing
. Long run times
. Message and variance analysis solutions
. Reporting
The Author

John Jordan has worked as an SAP consultant specializing in SAP Financials and Controlling for many years. He is the author of Production Variance Analysis for SAP Controlling and 100 Things You Should Know About Controlling with SAP.
Table of Contents


  ... Acknowledgments ... 19


  1 ... Introduction ... 21


  1.1 ... Concept of this Book ... 21


  1.2 ... Target Audience ... 22


  1.3 ... Structure of this Book ... 23


  1.3.1 ... Part I: Integrated Planning ... 23


  1.3.2 ... Part II: Product Cost Planning ... 23


  1.3.3 ... Part III: Cost Object Controlling ... 26


  1.3.4 ... Part IV: Information System ... 27


  1.4 ... Looking Ahead ... 27


  PART I ... Integrated Planning ... 29


  2 ... Integrated Planning ... 31


  2.1 ... Profitability Analysis ... 32


  2.2 ... Sales and Operations Planning ... 33


  2.3 ... Long-Term Planning ... 35


  2.3.1 ... Create Planning Scenario ... 37


  2.3.2 ... Long-Term Planning Run ... 38


  2.3.3 ... Transfer Requirements to Purchasing ... 41


  2.3.4 ... Transfer Activity Quantities to CCA ... 45


  2.4 ... Cost Center Planning ... 47


  2.4.1 ... Cost Element Planning ... 48


  2.4.2 ... Activity Price Planning ... 50


  2.5 ... Final Planning ... 54


  2.5.1 ... Calculate Standard Costs ... 54


  2.5.2 ... Transfer Standard Costs to CO-PA ... 55


  2.6 ... Summary ... 55


  PART II ... Product Cost Planning ... 57


  3 ... Controlling Master Data ... 59


  3.1 ... Cost Element ... 60


  3.1.1 ... Primary Postings ... 60


  3.1.2 ... Secondary Postings ... 64


  3.1.3 ... Basic Data ... 65


  3.1.4 ... Indicators ... 68


  3.1.5 ... Default Account Assignment ... 69


  3.1.6 ... History ... 73


  3.2 ... Cost Center ... 73


  3.2.1 ... Standard Hierarchy ... 74


  3.2.2 ... Basic Data ... 78


  3.2.3 ... Control ... 82


  3.2.4 ... Templates ... 83


  3.2.5 ... Address and Communication ... 85


  3.2.6 ... History ... 85


  3.3 ... Activity Type ... 86


  3.3.1 ... Basic Data ... 86


  3.3.2 ... Indicators ... 93


  3.3.3 ... Output ... 95


  3.3.4 ... History ... 96


  3.3.5 ... Group ... 97


  3.4 ... Statistical Key Figure ... 99


  3.5 ... Summary ... 100


  4 ... Material Master Data ... 101


  4.1 ... MRP 1 View ... 102


  4.1.1 ... General Data ... 102


  4.1.2 ... Lot Size Data ... 104


  4.2 ... MRP 2 View ... 106


  4.3 ... MRP 4 View ... 110


  4.3.1 ... BOM Explosion and Dependent Requirements ... 110


  4.3.2 ... Discontinued Parts ... 114


  4.4 ... Costing 1 View ... 115


  4.4.1 ... General Data ... 116


  4.4.2 ... Quantity Structure Data ... 120


  4.5 ... Costing 2 View ... 128


  4.5.1 ... Standard Cost Estimate ... 128


  4.5.2 ... Planned Prices ... 130


  4.5.3 ... Valuation Data ... 132


  4.6 ... Accounting 1 View ... 138


  4.6.1 ... General Data ... 139


  4.6.2 ... Current Valuation ... 139


  4.6.3 ... Previous Period/Year ... 142


  4.6.4 ... Standard Cost Estimate ... 143


  4.7 ... Accounting 1 View-Material Ledger Activated ... 144


  4.7.1 ... General Valuation Data ... 146


  4.7.2 ... Prices and Values ... 149


  4.8 ... Accounting 2 View ... 152


  4.8.1 ... Populate Tax Price and Commercial Price ... 153


  4.8.2 ... Using the Tax and Commercial Price Fields ... 158


  4.9 ... Summary ... 160


  5 ... Logistics Master Data ... 161


  5.1 ... Bill of Material ... 161


  5.1.1 ... Basic Data ... 163


  5.1.2 ... Status/Long Text ... 166


  5.1.3 ... Administration ... 168


  5.1.4 ... Document Assignment ... 169


  5.2 ... Work Centers ... 170


  5.2.1 ... Basic Data ... 171


  5.2.2 ... Default Values ... 174


  5.2.3 ... Capacities ... 177


  5.2.4 ... Scheduling ... 179


  5.2.5 ... Costing ... 184


  5.3 ... Routing ... 186


  5.3.1 ... Header ... 187


  5.3.2 ... Operation Overview ... 190


  5.3.3 ... Operation Details ... 190


  5.4 ... Product Cost Collector ... 196


  5.4.1 ... Data ... 198


  5.4.2 ... Header ... 203


  5.4.3 ... Production Process ... 209


  5.4.4 ... List Product Cost Collectors ... 212


  5.5 ... Purchasing Info Record ... 214


  5.5.1 ... Purchasing Organization Data 1 ... 215


  5.5.2 ... Conditions ... 216


  5.5.3 ... Plant-Specific Purchasing Info Records ... 219


  5.6 ... Source List ... 221


  5.6.1 ... Fixed Source of Supply ... 223


  5.6.2 ... Blocked Source of Supply ... 223


  5.7 ... Summary ... 223


  6 ... Costing Sheets ... 225


  6.1 ... Overhead ... 225


  6.2 ... Calculation Base ... 227


  6.3 ... Overhead Rate ... 228


  6.3.1 ... Percentage Overhead ... 229


  6.3.2 ... Quantity-Based Overhead ... 235


  6.4 ... Credit Key ... 237


  6.5 ... Summary ... 238


  7 ... Cost Components ... 239


  7.1 ... Cost Component Terms ... 239


  7.2 ... Cost Components with Attributes ... 243


  7.2.1 ... Control ... 245


  7.2.2 ... Filter Criteria for Cost Component Views ... 247


  7.2.3 ... Delta Profit for Group Costing ... 249


  7.2.4 ... Cost Summarization ... 250


  7.2.5 ... Assign Cost Elements to Cost Components ... 251


  7.2.6 ... Update of Additive Costs ... 252


  7.2.7 ... Transfer Structure ... 253


  7.3 ... Cost Component View ... 255


  7.3.1 ... Cost Estimate Display ... 258


  7.3.2 ... Overhead Calculation ... 259


  7.3.3 ... Other Components ... 260


  7.4 ... Organizational Units of Cost Components ... 261


  7.4.1 ... Main Cost Component Structure ... 262


  7.4.2 ... Auxiliary Cost Component Structure ... 263


  7.4.3 ... Check Assignment to Organizational Units ... 263


  7.5 ... Cost Component Groups ... 265


  7.5.1 ... Create Cost Component Groups ... 266


  7.5.2 ... Assign Groups to Cost Components ... 267


  7.5.3 ... Assign Groups to Report Columns ... 268


  7.6 ... Summary ... 271


  8 ... Costing Variant Components ... 273


  8.1 ... Define Costing Variant ... 273


  8.2 ... Costing Type ... 275


  8.2.1 ... Price Update ... 277


  8.2.2 ... Save Parameters ... 280


  8.2.3 ... Miscellaneous ... 282


  8.3 ... Valuation Variant ... 285


  8.3.1 ... Material Valuation ... 286


  8.3.2 ... Activity Types and Processes ... 295


  8.3.3 ... Subcontracting ... 299


  8.3.4 ... External Processing ... 301


  8.3.5 ... Overhead ... 304


  8.3.6 ... Miscellaneous ... 305


  8.4 ... Date Control ... 308


  8.4.1 ... Costing Date From ... 309


  8.4.2 ... Costing Date To ... 310


  8.4.3 ... Quantity Structure Date ... 310


  8.4.4 ... Valuation Date ... 310


  8.5 ... Quantity Structure Control ... 311


  8.5.1 ... BOM ... 312


  8.5.2 ... Routing ... 319


  8.6 ... Transfer Control ... 322


  8.6.1 ... Single-Plant ... 323


  8.6.2 ... Cross-Plant ... 326


  8.7 ... Reference Variant ... 327


  8.8 ... Summary ... 330


  9 ... Costing Variant Tabs ... 333


  9.1 ... Control ... 333


  9.2 ... Quantity Structure ... 334


  9.2.1 ... Pass On Lot Size ... 335


  9.2.2 ... Ignore Product Cost Estimate without Quantity Structure ... 336


  9.2.3 ... Transfer Control Can Be Changed ... 337


  9.2.4 ... Transfer Active Standard Cost Estimate if Material Costed with Errors ... 340


  9.2.5 ... Transfer Cost Estimate of an Order BOM ... 341


  9.3 ... Additive Costs ... 342


  9.3.1 ... Additive Cost Components ... 342


  9.3.2 ... Include Additive Costs with Stock Transfers ... 343


  9.4 ... Update Tab ... 344


  9.4.1 ... Saving Allowed ... 344


  9.4.2 ... Save Error Log ... 345


  9.4.3 ... Defaults Can Be Changed by User ... 346


  9.4.4 ... Itemization ... 347


  9.5 ... Assignments ... 348


  9.5.1 ... Cost Component Structure ... 348


  9.5.2 ... Costing Version ... 348


  9.5.3 ... Cost Component Split in Controlling Area Currency ... 350


  9.5.4 ... Cross-Company Costing ... 351


  9.6 ... Miscellaneous ... 352


  9.6.1 ... Error Management ... 352


  9.6.2 ... Parameters for Error Management ... 353


  9.7 ... Summary ... 354


  10 ... Standard Cost Estimate ... 355


  10.1 ... Create Standard Cost Estimate ... 356


  10.1.1 ... Costing Data ... 356


  10.1.2 ... Dates ... 357


  10.1.3 ... Quantity Structure ... 359


  10.2 ... Mark and Release ... 361


  10.3 ... Costing Run ... 364


  10.3.1 ... Costing Data ... 364


  10.3.2 ... Dates ... 366


  10.3.3 ... Valuation ... 366


  10.3.4 ... Costing Run Steps ... 366


  10.4 ... Summary ... 378


  11 ... Preliminary Cost Estimate ... 379


  11.1 ... Create Preliminary Cost Estimate ... 379


  11.2 ... Production Process ... 382


  11.3 ... Transfer Control ... 382


  11.4 ... Mass Processing ... 385


  11.5 ... Summary ... 386


  12 ... Unit Cost Estimate ... 387


  12.1 ... Base Planning Object ... 387


  12.1.1 ... Item ... 388


  12.1.2 ... Category ... 389


  12.1.3 ... Resource ... 390


  12.1.4 ... Plant/Activity ... 390


  12.1.5 ... Quantity ... 390


  12.1.6 ... Value - Total ... 391


  12.1.7 ... Cost Element ... 391


  12.2 ... Material Cost Estimate Without Quantity Structure ... 391


  12.3 ... Summary ... 393


  PART III ... Cost Object Controlling ... 395


  13 ... Preliminary Costing ... 397


  13.1 ... Production Order Control ... 398


  13.1.1 ... Costing Variant for Planned Costs ... 399


  13.1.2 ... Costing Variant for Actual Costs ... 400


  13.1.3 ... Costing Sheet ... 401


  13.1.4 ... Overhead Key ... 401


  13.1.5 ... Results Analysis Key ... 401


  13.1.6 ... Variance Key ... 401


  13.1.7 ... Determine Plan Costs ... 401


  13.2 ... Display Planned Costs ... 402


  13.3 ... Summary ... 404


  14 ... Simultaneous Costing ... 405


  14.1 ... Goods Movements ... 405


  14.1.1 ... Debits ... 405


  14.1.2 ... Credits ... 409


  14.2 ... Confirmations ... 412


  14.2.1 ... Secondary Postings ... 412


  14.2.2 ... Create Production Order ... 413


  14.2.3 ... Confirm Activities ... 417


  14.2.4 ... Default Activities ... 419


  14.2.5 ... Operation Sequence ... 420


  14.3 ... Report Costs ... 421


  14.4 ... Summary ... 423


  15 ... Overhead ... 425


  15.1 ... Configuration ... 425


  15.2 ... Overhead Period-End Processing ... 426


  15.3 ... Summary ... 428


  16 ... Work in Process ... 429


  16.1 ... WIP Configuration ... 430


  16.1.1 ... Define Results Analysis Keys ... 430


  16.1.2 ... Define Results Analysis Versions ... 431


  16.1.3 ... Define Valuation Method (Target Costs ... 434


  16.1.4 ... Define Valuation Variant for WIP and Scrap ... 436


  16.1.5 ... Assignment of Valuation Variant for WIP ... 437


  16.1.6 ... Define Line IDs ... 438


  16.1.7 ... Define Assignment ... 439


  16.1.8 ... Define Update ... 440


  16.1.9 ... Define Posting Rules for Settling WIP ... 442


  16.2 ... Results Analysis Configuration ... 443


  16.3 ... WIP Period-End ... 447


  16.3.1 ... Product Cost by Period ... 447


  16.3.2 ... Product Cost by Order ... 452


  16.4 ... Summary ... 452


  17 ... Variance Calculation ... 453


  17.1 ... Types of Variance Calculation ... 453


  17.1.1 ... Total Variance ... 453


  17.1.2 ... Production Variance ... 454


  17.1.3 ... Planning Variance ... 454


  17.2 ... Variance Configuration ... 455


  17.2.1 ... Define Variance Keys ... 455


  17.2.2 ... Define Default Variance Keys for Plants ... 457


  17.2.3 ... Define Variance Variants ... 457


  17.2.4 ... Define Valuation Variant for WIP and Scrap ... 459


  17.2.5 ... Define Target Cost Versions ... 460


  17.3 ... Variance Categories ... 463


  17.3.1 ... Input Variances ... 463


  17.3.2 ... Output Variances ... 464


  17.4 ... Variance Period End ... 466


  17.4.1 ... Product Cost by Period ... 466


  17.4.2 ... Product Cost by Order ... 471


  17.5 ... Summary ... 472


  18 ... Settlement ... 473


  18.1 ... Settlement Configuration ... 473


  18.1.1 ... Settlement Profile ... 473


  18.1.2 ... Allocation Structure ... 478


  18.1.3 ... Source Structure ... 485


  18.1.4 ... Profitability Analysis (CO-PA) Transfer Structure ... 487


  18.2 ... Settlement Period-End Process ... 492


  18.2.1 ... Parameters ... 493


  18.2.2 ... Processing Options ... 495


  18.3 ... Summary ... 497


  19 ... Special Topics ... 499


  19.1 ... Sales Order Controlling ... 499


  19.1.1 ... Configuration ... 500


  19.1.2 ... Period-End Processing ... 508


  19.2 ... Subcontracting ... 514


  19.2.1 ... MRP 2 View ... 514


  19.2.2 ... Purchase Order ... 515


  19.2.3 ... Monitoring Stocks Provided to Vendor ... 516


  19.2.4 ... Goods Receipt of End Product ... 518


  19.3 ... Material Ledger ... 518


  19.3.1 ... Multiple Currencies or Valuations ... 518


  19.3.2 ... Actual Costing ... 519


  19.3.3 ... Configuration ... 520


  19.3.4 ... Period-End Processing ... 527


  19.4 ... Delivery Costs ... 530


  19.4.1 ... Purchased Material Consumption Account ... 530


  19.4.2 ... Configure Costing Variant ... 531


  19.4.3 ... Assign Conditions to Origin Groups ... 532


  19.4.4 ... Assign Conditions to Purchasing Info Records ... 533


  19.4.5 ... Assign Origin Groups to Cost Components ... 533


  19.5 ... Templates ... 534


  19.5.1 ... Define Environment ... 535


  19.6 ... Mixed-Cost Estimate ... 536


  19.6.1 ... Quantity Structure and Costing Version ... 537


  19.6.2 ... Create Procurement Alternative ... 538


  19.6.3 ... Define Mixing Ratios ... 539


  19.6.4 ... Create a Mixed-Cost Estimate ... 540


  19.7 ... Cost Estimate User Exits ... 542


  19.7.1 ... Cross-Company Code Costing ... 543


  19.7.2 ... Production Resource/Tool Costing ... 544


  19.7.3 ... Bulk Material Costing ... 544


  19.7.4 ... Material Valuation ... 545


  19.7.5 ... Costing Reports ... 545


  19.8 ... Summary ... 546


  PART IV ... Information System ... 549


  20 ... Information System ... 551


  20.1 ... Product Cost Planning ... 552


  20.1.1 ... Analyze Costing Runs ... 552


  20.1.2 ... List Material Cost Estimates ... 556


  20.1.3 ... Detailed Reports ... 557


  20.1.4 ... Object Comparisons ... 557


  20.2 ... Cost Object Controlling ... 561


  20.2.1 ... Product Drilldown Reports ... 562


  20.2.2 ... Summarization Hierarchy Reports ... 567


  20.2.3 ... Detailed Reports ... 574


  20.2.4 ... Line Item Reports ... 577


  20.3 ... Production Order Reports ... 578


  20.3.1 ... Order Information System ... 578


  20.3.2 ... Order Selection ... 581


  20.4 ... Cost Center Reports ... 583


  20.5 ... Summary ... 586


  20.6 ... Book Summary ... 587


  20.6.1 ... Integrated Planning ... 587


  20.6.2 ... Product Cost Planning ... 588


  20.6.3 ... Cost Object Controlling ... 589


  20.6.4 ... Information System ... 589


  20.7 ... Looking Ahead ... 590


  ... Appendices ... 593


  A ... Additional Resources ... 595


  B ... Bibliography ... 599


  C ... Glossary ... 601


  D ... The Author ... 625


  ... Index ... 627